To choose a shooting mode, hold the I button and rotate the main command dial. The selected option is shown in the shooting display and control panel.
|P||Programmed auto (0P (Programmed Auto))||Use for snapshots and in other situations in which there is little time to adjust camera settings. The camera chooses both shutter speed and aperture automatically.|
|S||Shutter-priority auto (0S (Shutter-Priority Auto))||Use to freeze or blur motion. You choose the shutter speed; the camera adjusts aperture automatically.|
|A||Aperture-priority auto (0A (Aperture-Priority Auto))||Use to blur backgrounds or bring both foreground and background into focus. You choose the aperture; the camera adjusts shutter speed automatically.|
|M||Manual (0M (Manual))||You control both shutter speed and aperture. Choose a shutter speed of “Bulb” or “Time” for long time-exposures.|
- In this mode, the camera automatically adjusts shutter speed and aperture according to a built-in program to ensure optimal exposure in most situations.
Different combinations of shutter speed and aperture that produce the same exposure can be selected by rotating the main command dial (“flexible program”).
- While flexible program is in effect, a flexible program indicator (U) is displayed.
- To restore default shutter speed and aperture settings, rotate the main command dial until the indicator is no longer displayed. Flexible program can also be ended by choosing another mode or turning the camera off.
- In shutter-priority auto, you choose the shutter speed while the camera automatically adjusts aperture for optimal exposure. Choose fast shutter speeds to “freeze” motion, slow shutter speeds to suggest motion by blurring moving objects.
- Rotate the main command dial to set the shutter speed.
- Shutter speed can be set to values between ¹⁄₃₂₀₀₀ s and 30 s.
- Shutter speed can be locked at the selected value (0f4: Control Lock, g3: Control Lock).
- In aperture-priority auto, you choose the aperture while the camera automatically adjusts shutter speed for optimal exposure.
- Aperture can be adjusted by rotating the sub-command dial.
- The minimum and maximum values for aperture vary with the lens.
- Aperture can be locked at the selected value (0f4: Control Lock, g3: Control Lock).
- You control both shutter speed and aperture. Choose this mode for long time-exposures of such subjects as fireworks or the night sky (“Bulb” or “Time” photography, 0Long Time-Exposures (Mode M Only)).
- Shutter speed and aperture can be adjusted with reference to the exposure indicators by rotating the command dials.
Rotate the main command dial to choose the shutter speed. Shutter speed can be set to values between ¹⁄₃₂₀₀₀ s and 30 s or to “Bulb” or “Time”.
The exposure indicators in the monitor, viewfinder, and control panel show whether the photograph would be under- or over-exposed at current settings. The exposure indicators can be read as follows (the display varies with the option selected for Custom Setting b2 [EV steps for exposure cntrl]):
|Display||[1/3 step] selected for [EV steps for exposure cntrl]|
|Optimal exposure||Underexposed by 1/3 EV||Overexposed by over 3 1/3 EV|
The orientation of the exposure indicators can be reversed using Custom Setting f7 [Reverse indicators].
The displays will flash if the selected settings exceed the limits of the exposure metering system.
For shutter speeds as slow as 900 s (15 minutes), select [ON] for Custom Setting d5 [Extended shutter speeds (M)].
At speeds slower than 1 s, the shutter speed displayed by the camera may differ from the actual exposure time. The actual exposure times at shutter speeds of 15 and 30 seconds, for example, are respectively 16 and 32 seconds. The exposure time will again match the selected shutter speed at speeds of 60 seconds and slower.
If auto ISO sensitivity control (0Auto ISO Sensitivity Control) is enabled, ISO sensitivity will automatically be adjusted for optimal exposure at the selected shutter speed and aperture.
The camera offers two options for long time-exposures: “Bulb” and “Time”. Long time-exposures can be used for pictures of fireworks, night scenery, the stars, or moving lights.
|Bulb||The shutter remains open while the shutter-release button is held down.|
|Time||The exposure starts when the shutter-release button is pressed and ends when the button is pressed a second time.|
Keep the camera steady, for example by using a tripod.
Hold the I button and rotate the main command dial to select mode M.
Rotate the main command dial to choose a shutter speed of Bulb (“Bulb”) or Time (“Time”).
Note that the exposure indicators are not displayed at a shutter speed of Bulb or Time.
Focus and start the exposure.
- “Bulb”: Press the shutter-release button all the way down to start the exposure. Keep the shutter-release button pressed during the exposure.
- “Time”: Press the shutter-release button all the way down to start the exposure.
The elapsed time is shown in the control panel.
End the exposure.
- “Bulb”: Lift your finger from the shutter-release button.
- “Time”: Press the shutter-release button all the way down a second time.
- Note that “noise” (bright spots, randomly-spaced bright pixels or fog) may be present in long exposures.
- Bright spots and fog can be reduced by choosing [ON] for [Long exposure NR] in the photo shooting menu.
We recommend using one of the following power sources to prevent loss of power during long exposures:
- A fully-charged battery
- An optional EH‑7P charging AC adapter
- An optional EH‑8P AC adapter with a UC‑E25 USB cable (featuring Type C connectors at both ends)
- An optional EP‑5B power connector with an EH‑5d, EH‑5c, or EH‑5b AC adapter
- To prevent blur, use of a tripod or a device such as an optional remote cord or wireless remote controller is recommended.
Use autoexposure lock to recompose photographs after setting exposure for a specific area of the subject. Exposure lock comes in handy when the area used to set exposure is much brighter or darker than its surroundings.
With the subject positioned in the selected focus point and the shutter-release button pressed halfway, press the center of the sub-selector to lock exposure.
- While the center of the sub-selector is pressed, exposure will lock at the value metered in an area of the subject determined by the selected metering option.
- An AE-L icon will appear in the shooting display.
- If autofocus is enabled, focus will also lock.
Keeping the center of the sub-selector pressed, recompose the photograph and shoot.
If [On (half press)] is selected for Custom Setting c1 [Shutter-release button AE-L], exposure will lock while the shutter-release button is pressed halfway.
- With [Spot metering], exposure will be locked at the value metered in a circle centered on the current focus point.
- With [Center-weighted metering], exposure will be locked at a value weighted toward a 12-mm circle in the center of the display.
The following settings can be adjusted while the center of the sub-selector is pressed:
|P||Shutter speed and aperture (flexible program; 0P (Programmed Auto))|
- The new values can be confirmed in the shooting display and control panel.
Exposure compensation is used to alter exposure from the value suggested by the camera. It can be used to make pictures brighter or darker.
Hold the E button and rotate a command dial.
- Choose from values between –5 EV (underexposure) and +5 EV (overexposure). Values between –3 EV and +3 EV are available in video mode.
- At default settings, changes to exposure compensation are made in increments of ¹⁄₃ EV. The size of the increments can be changed using Custom Setting b2 [EV steps for exposure cntrl].
- Higher values make the subject brighter, lower values darker.
E icons and exposure indicators appear in the shooting display and control panel. In modes other than M, the zero (“0”) at the center of the exposure indicator flashes. The current value for exposure compensation can be confirmed by pressing the E button.
- Normal exposure can be restored by setting exposure compensation to ±0.0. Exposure compensation is not reset when the camera is turned off.
- In mode M, exposure compensation affects only the exposure indicator; shutter speed and aperture do not change.
- When auto ISO sensitivity control (0Auto ISO Sensitivity Control) is in effect, ISO sensitivity is automatically adjusted according to the value selected for exposure compensation.
When an optional flash is used, exposure compensation affects both flash level and exposure, altering the brightness of both the main subject and the background; if desired, the effect can be restricted to the background using Custom Setting e3 [Exposure comp. for flash].