At default settings, the following items appear in the i menu for photo mode.

Set Picture Control

Choose a Picture Control according to the subject or type of scene.

Option Description
n Auto The camera automatically adjusts hues and tones based on the Standard Picture Control. The complexions of portrait subjects will appear softer, and such elements as the foliage and sky in outdoor shots more vivid, than in pictures taken with the Standard Picture Control.
Q Standard Standard processing for balanced results. Recommended for most situations.
R Neutral Minimal processing for natural results. Choose for photographs that will later be processed or retouched.
S Vivid Pictures are enhanced for a vivid, photoprint effect. Choose for photographs that emphasize primary colors.
T Monochrome Take monochrome photographs.
o Portrait Process portraits for skin with natural texture and a rounded feel.
p Landscape Produces vibrant landscapes and cityscapes.
q Flat Details are preserved over a wide tone range, from highlights to shadows. Choose for photographs that will later be extensively processed or retouched.
k01–k20 Creative Picture Control Choose from the following Picture Controls, each a unique combination of hue, tone, saturation, and other settings tuned for a particular effect: Dream, Morning, Pop, Sunday, Somber, Dramatic, Silence, Bleached, Melancholic, Pure, Denim, Toy, Sepia, Blue, Red, Pink, Charcoal, Graphite, Binary, and Carbon.

To view Picture Control settings, highlight a Picture Control and press 3. Changes to settings can be previewed in the display (0 Modifying Picture Controls).

The current Picture Control is indicated by an icon in the display during shooting.

Modifying Picture Controls

Picture Controls can be modified to suit the scene or the photographer’s creative intent. Highlight Set Picture Control in the i menu and press J to display the Picture Control list, then highlight a Picture Control and press 3 to display Picture Control settings. Press 1 or 3 to highlight the desired setting and press 4 or 2 to choose a value in increments of 1, or rotate the sub-command dial to choose a value in increments of 0.25 (the options available vary with the Picture Control selected). Default settings can be restored by pressing the O button.

After adjusting settings to your satisfaction, press J to put the changes into effect and return to the i menu. Picture Controls that have been modified from default settings are indicated by an asterisk (“U”).

Previous Settings

The j indicator under the value display in the Picture Control setting menu indicates the previous value for the setting.

“A” (Auto)

Selecting the A (auto) option available for some settings lets the camera adjust the setting automatically. Results vary with exposure and the position of the subject in the frame.

The “n Auto“ Picture Control

If n Auto is selected for Set Picture Control, settings can be adjusted in the range A−2 to A+2.

The following settings are available:

Option Description
Effect level Mute or heighten the effect of Creative Picture Control.
Quick sharp

Quickly adjust levels for balanced Sharpening, Mid-range sharpening, and Clarity. You can also make individual adjustments to the following parameters:

  • Sharpening: Control the sharpness of details and outlines.
  • Mid-range sharpening: Adjust sharpness according to the fineness of the patterns and lines in mid-tones affected by Sharpening and Clarity.
  • Clarity: Adjust overall sharpness and the sharpness of thicker outlines without affecting brightness or dynamic range.
  Sharpening
Mid-range sharpening
Clarity
Contrast Adjust contrast.
Brightness Raise or lower brightness without loss of detail in highlights or shadows.
Saturation Control the vividness of colors.
Hue Adjust hue.
Filter effects Simulate the effect of color filters on monochrome pictures.
Toning Choose the tint used in monochrome pictures. Pressing 3 when an option other than B&W (black-and-white) is selected displays saturation options.
Toning (Creative Picture Control) Adjust the shade of color used for Creative Picture Controls.

Filter Effects

Choose from the following:

Mode Setting
Y (yellow) These options enhance contrast and can be used to tone down the brightness of the sky in landscape photographs. Orange produces more contrast than yellow, red more contrast than orange.
O (orange)
R (red)
G (green) Green softens skin tones and can be used for portraits.

White Balance

Adjust white balance (for more information, see “White Balance”, 0 White Balance).

Option
4 Auto
  Keep white (reduce warm colors)
Keep overall atmosphere
Keep warm lighting colors
D Natural light auto
H Direct sunlight
G Cloudy
M Shade
J Incandescent
I Fluorescent
  Sodium-vapor lamps
Warm-white fluorescent
White fluorescent
Cool-white fluorescent
Day white fluorescent
Daylight fluorescent
High temp. mercury-vapor
5 Flash
K Choose color temperature
L Preset manual

Pressing 3 when Auto or Fluorescent is highlighted displays sub-options for the highlighted item.

The current white balance option is indicated by an icon in the display during shooting.

Fine-Tuning White Balance

Selecting White balance in the i menu displays a list of white balance options. If an option other than Choose color temperature is highlighted, fine-tuning options can be displayed by pressing 3. Any changes to fine-tuning options can be previewed in the display.

G Increase green
B Increase blue
A Increase amber
M Increase magenta

Tap the arrows in the display or use the multi selector to fine-tune white balance. Press J to save settings and return to the i menu.

An asterisk (“U”) next to the white balance icon in the shooting display indicates that fine-tuning is in effect.

Choosing a Color Temperature

Selecting White balance in the i menu displays a list of white balance options. When Choose color temperature is highlighted, color temperature options can be viewed by pressing 3.

Value for
Amber–Blue axis

Value for
Green–Magenta axis

Press 4 or 2 to highlight digits on the Amber–Blue or Green–Magenta axis and press 1 or 3 to change. Press J to save settings and return to the i menu. If a value other than zero is selected for the Green–Magenta axis, an asterisk (“U“) will be displayed next to the white balance icon.

Choose Color Temperature

Note that the desired results will not be obtained with fluorescent lighting. Choose I (Fluorescent) for fluorescent light sources. With other light sources, take a test shot to determine if the selected value is appropriate.

Preset Manual

Preset manual is used to record and recall up to six custom white balance settings for shooting under mixed lighting or to compensate for light sources with a strong color cast. Follow the steps below to measure a value for preset manual white balance.

  1. Display white balance presets.

    Highlight Preset manual in the i menu white balance display and press 3 to display a list of white balance presets.

  2. Select a preset.

    Highlight the desired white balance preset (d-1 to d-6) and press J to select the highlighted preset and return to the i menu.

    Protected Presets

    Presets indicated by a g icon are protected and cannot be changed.

  3. Select direct measurement mode.

    Highlight White balance in the i menu and press and hold J until the L icon in the shooting display starts to flash and the white balance target (r) appears in the center of the frame.

  4. Measure white balance.

    To measure white balance, tap a white or gray object, or use the multi selector to position the r over a white or gray area of the display and either press J or press the shutter-release button all the way down (note that the r cannot be repositioned when the built-in flash is enabled or an optional flash unit is attached, in which case you will need to measure white balance with a white or gray object positioned in the center of the frame).

    If the camera is unable to measure white balance, a message will be displayed. Try measuring white balance again with a different target.

  5. Exit direct measurement mode.

    Press the i button to exit direct measurement mode.

Measuring Preset Manual White Balance

Preset manual white balance cannot be measured while HDR or multiple exposure shooting is in progress.

Direct Measurement Mode

Direct measurement mode will end if no operations are performed in the time selected for Custom Setting c3 (Power off delay) > Standby timer.

Managing Presets

The White balance > Preset manual option in the photo shooting menu can be used to copy white balance from an existing photograph to a selected preset, add comments, or protect presets.

Preset Manual: Selecting a Preset

To choose a preset, select White balance > Preset manual in the photo shooting menu, then highlight a preset and press J. If no value currently exists for the selected preset, white balance will be set to 5200 K, the same as Direct sunlight.

Image Quality

Choose a file format for photographs.

Option Description
NEF (RAW) +
JPEG fine
Record two copies of each photo: an NEF (RAW) image and a JPEG copy. Only the JPEG copy is displayed during playback, but deleting the JPEG copy also deletes the NEF (RAW) image. The NEF (RAW) image can only be viewed using a computer.
NEF (RAW) +
JPEG normal
NEF (RAW) +
JPEG basic
NEF (RAW) Record photos in NEF (RAW) format.
JPEG fine Record photos in JPEG format. Compression increases and file size decreases as quality progresses from “fine” through “normal” to “basic”.
JPEG normal
JPEG basic

The option currently selected is shown in the display during shooting.

NEF (RAW)

NEF (RAW) image files (extension “*.nef”) contain the raw image data output from the image sensor. Using Nikon’s ViewNX-i or Capture NX-D software, you can adjust and re-adjust settings such as exposure compensation and white balance as often as you please without degrading image quality, making this format ideal for photos that will be processed in multiple different ways. ViewNX-i and Capture NX-D are available free-of-charge from the Nikon Download Center.

The process of converting NEF (RAW) images to other formats such as JPEG is referred to as “NEF (RAW) processing”. You can save NEF (RAW) images in other formats using the ViewNX-i and Capture NX-D computer applications or the NEF (RAW) processing option in the camera retouch menu.

Image Size

Choose the size at which photographs are recorded.

The option currently selected is shown in the display during shooting.

The physical dimensions of the photos in pixels vary with the option selected for Choose image area in the photo shooting menu.

  Image size
Large Medium Small
Image area DX (24 × 16) 5568 × 3712 4176 × 2784 2784 × 1856
1 : 1 (16 × 16) 3712 × 3712 2784 × 2784 1856 × 1856
16 : 9 (24 × 14) 5568 × 3128 4176 × 2344 2784 × 1560

Flash Mode

Choose a flash mode for the built-in flash. The options available depend on the mode selected with the mode dial.

Option Available in
I Fill flash P, S, A, M
J Red-eye reduction
L Slow sync P, A
K Slow sync + red-eye
M Rear-curtain sync P, S, A, M
X Auto b, k, p, n, s, f, V, T, U, 5
s Auto + red-eye reduction b, k, p, n, s, f, V, T, U, 5
t Auto slow sync o
u Auto slow sync + red-eye o
s Flash off b, P, S, A, M, k, p, n, o, s, f, V, T, U, 5

The option currently selected is indicated by an icon in the display during shooting.

Flash Modes Available with Optional Flash Units

The flash modes available when an optional flash unit is attached vary with the mode selected with the mode dial.

Option Available in
I Fill flash b, P, S, A, M, k, l, p, m, n, r, s, t, d, e, f, g, j, z, V, T, U, 5, 6, 1, 2, 3
J Red-eye reduction b, P, S, A, M, k, l, p, m, n, r, s, t, d, e, f, g, j, z, V, T, U, 5, 6, 1, 2, 3
L Slow sync P, A, o
K Slow sync + red-eye P, A, o
M Rear-curtain sync P, S, A, M
X Auto
s Auto + red-eye reduction
t Auto slow sync
u Auto slow sync + red-eye
s Flash off b, P, S, A, M

Metering

Metering determines how the camera sets exposure. The following options are available:

Option Description
L Matrix metering The camera meters a wide area of the frame and sets exposure according to tone distribution, color, composition, and distance for results close to those seen by the naked eye.
M Center-weighted metering The camera meters the entire frame but assigns the greatest weight to an area in the center of the frame, the size of which can be chosen using Custom Setting b3 (Center-weighted area). This is the classic meter for portraits and is also recommended when using filters with an exposure factor (filter factor) over 1×.
N Spot metering The camera meters a ⌀3.5 mm circle (equivalent to approximately 2.5% of the frame) centered on the current focus point, making it possible to meter off-center subjects (if auto-area AF is in effect, the camera will instead meter the center focus point). Spot metering ensures that the subject will be correctly exposed, even when the background is much brighter or darker.
t Highlight-weighted metering The camera assigns the greatest weight to highlights. Use this option to reduce loss of detail in highlights, for example when photographing spotlit performers on-stage.

The option currently selected is indicated by an icon in the display during shooting.

Wi-Fi Connection

Enable or disable Wi-Fi. Enable Wi-Fi to establish wireless connections to computers or between the camera and smartphones or tablets (smart devices) running the SnapBridge app.

The camera displays a Wi-Fi icon when Wi-Fi is enabled.

To turn Wi-Fi off, highlight Wi-Fi connection in the i menu and press J. If Wi-Fi is currently enabled, a Close Wi-Fi connection prompt will be displayed; press J to end the connection.

Active D-Lighting

Active D-Lighting preserves details in highlights and shadows, creating photographs with natural contrast. Use for high-contrast scenes, for example when photographing brightly lit outdoor scenery through a door or window or taking pictures of shaded subjects on a sunny day. It is most effective when used with matrix metering.

Off

Y Auto

Option Description
Y Auto The camera automatically adjusts Active D-Lighting in response to shooting conditions (in mode M, however, Y Auto is equivalent to Q Normal).
Z Extra high Choose the amount of Active D-Lighting performed from Z Extra high, P High, Q Normal, and R Low.
P High
Q Normal
R Low
c Off Active D-Lighting off.

The option currently selected is indicated by an icon in the display during shooting.

Active D-Lighting

Noise (randomly-spaced bright pixels, fog, or lines) may appear in photos taken with Active D-Lighting. Uneven shading may be visible with some subjects. Active D-Lighting does not apply at high ISO sensitivities (Hi 1 and Hi 2), including high sensitivities selected via auto ISO sensitivity control.

Release Mode

Choose the operation performed when the shutter-release button is pressed all the way down.

Option Description
U Single frame The camera takes one photograph each time the shutter-release button is pressed.
V Continuous L While the shutter-release button is held down, the camera records 1–4 frames per second. The frame rate can be chosen by rotating the sub-command dial when Continuous L is highlighted in the release-mode menu.
W Continuous H While the shutter-release button is held down, the camera records up to about 5 frames per second.
X Continuous H (extended) While the shutter-release button is held down, the camera records up to about 11 frames per second. The built-in flash and optional flash units cannot be used. Flicker reduction has no effect.
E Self-timer Take pictures with the self-timer (0 The Self-Timer).

Pressing 3 when Continuous L is highlighted displays frame advance rate options.

The current release mode is shown by an icon in the shooting display.

The Shooting Display

In continuous low-speed and continuous high-speed modes, the display is updated in real time even while shooting is in progress.

Frame Advance Rate

Frame advance rate varies with camera settings. The approximate maximum rates at different settings are given in the table below.

Release mode Image quality Bit depth Silent photography
Off On
Continuous L JPEG User-selected
NEF (RAW)/
NEF (RAW) + JPEG
12
14
Continuous H JPEG 5 fps 4.5 fps
NEF (RAW)/
NEF (RAW) + JPEG
12
14 4 fps
Continuous H
(extended)
JPEG 11 fps * 11 fps
NEF (RAW)/
NEF (RAW) + JPEG
12
14 9 fps 8.5 fps

10 fps when Electronic front-curtain shutter is selected for Custom Setting d4 (Shutter type).

Continuous H (Extended)

Depending on camera settings, exposure may vary erratically during each burst. This can be prevented by locking exposure (0 Locking Focus and Exposure).

The Memory Buffer

The camera is equipped with a memory buffer for temporary storage, allowing shooting to continue while photographs are being saved to the memory card. The approximate number of images that can be stored in the buffer at current settings is shown in the exposure-count displays while the shutter-release button is pressed halfway.

While photographs are being recorded to the memory card, the memory card access lamp will light. Depending on shooting conditions and memory card performance, recording may take from a few seconds to a few minutes. Do not remove the memory card or remove the battery until the access lamp has gone out. If the camera is switched off while data remain in the buffer, the power will not turn off until all images in the buffer have been recorded. If the battery is exhausted while images remain in the buffer, the shutter release will be disabled and the images transferred to the memory card.

The Self-Timer

In self-timer mode, pressing the shutter-release button starts a timer, and a photo is taken when the timer expires.

  1. Select Release mode in the i menu, highlight Self-timer, and press 3.

  2. Choose the self-timer release delay and number of shots.

    Press J when settings complete.

  3. Frame the photograph and focus.

    In release-priority focus modes, including AF-S, the timer will not start unless the camera is able to focus.

  4. Start the timer.

    Press the shutter-release button all the way down to start the timer. A E icon will appear in the display and the self-timer lamp will start to flash, stopping two seconds before the photograph is taken.

Taking Multiple Shots

Use Custom Setting c2 (Self-timer) to choose the number of shots taken, and the interval between the shots taken, when the self-timer finishes counting down.

Optical VR

Choose whether to enable optical vibration reduction. The options available vary with the lens.

Option Description
C Normal
(VR enabled)
Choose for enhanced optical vibration reduction when photographing static subjects.
D Sport Choose when photographing athletes and other subjects that are moving rapidly and unpredictably.
E Off Optical vibration reduction off.

Options other than Off are shown by an icon in the display during shooting.

Optical VR

Optical VR may be unavailable with some lenses. When using vibration reduction, wait for the image in the display to stabilize before shooting. With some lenses, the image in the display may also jiggle after the shutter is released; this is normal and does not indicate a malfunction. Note that the settings for lenses with optical vibration reduction mounted on a tripod or monopod may vary with the lens; see the lens manual for details.

Normal or Sport is recommended for panning shots. In Normal and Sport modes, optical vibration reduction applies only to motion that is not part of the pan (if the camera is panned horizontally, for example, optical vibration reduction will be applied only to vertical shake).

AF-Area Mode

AF-area mode controls how the camera selects the focus-point for autofocus. For more information, see “AF-Area Mode” (0 AF-Area Mode).

Option
3 Pinpoint AF
d Single-point AF
e Dynamic-area AF
f Wide-area AF (S)
g Wide-area AF (L)
h Auto-area AF

The option currently selected is shown by an icon in the display during shooting.

Focus Mode

The focus mode controls how the camera focuses. For more information, see “Choosing a Focus Mode” (0 Choosing a Focus Mode).

Option
AF-A AF mode auto-switch
AF-S Single AF
AF-C Continuous AF
MF Manual focus

The option currently selected is shown by an icon in the display during shooting.