The Nikon Creative Lighting System (CLS)
Nikon’s advanced Creative Lighting System (CLS) offers improved communication between the camera and compatible flash units for improved flash photography.
CLS-Compatible Flash UnitsCLS-Compatible Flash Units
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The SU-800 Wireless Speedlight Commander: When mounted on a CLS-compatible camera, the SU-800 can be used as a commander for SB-5000, SB-910, SB-900, SB-800, SB-700, SB-600, SB-500, or SB-R200 flash units in up to three groups. The SU-800 itself is not equipped with a flash.
CLS-compatible flash units emit a modeling flash when the camera Pv button is pressed. This feature can be used with Advanced Wireless Lighting to preview the total lighting effect achieved with multiple flash units. Modeling illumination can be turned off using Custom Setting e5 (Modeling flash, 0 Modeling Flash).
Other Flash UnitsOther Flash Units
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Using FV Lock with Optional Flash Units
FV lock (0 FV Lock) is available with optional flash units in TTL and (where supported) monitor pre-flash qA and monitor pre-flash A flash control modes (see the manual provided with the flash unit for more information). Note that when Advanced Wireless Lighting is used to control remote flash units, you will need to set the flash control mode for the master or at least one remote group to TTL, qA, or A.
The metering areas for FV lock when using optional flash unit are as follows:
|Flash unit||Flash mode||Metered area|
|Stand-alone flash unit||i-TTL||6-mm circle in center of frame|
|qA||Area metered by flash exposure meter|
|Used with other flash units (Advanced Wireless Lighting)||i-TTL||Entire frame|
|qA||Area metered by flash exposure meter|
Notes on Optional Flash Units
Refer to the flash unit manual for detailed instructions. If the unit supports CLS, refer to the section on CLS-compatible digital SLR cameras. The D850 is not included in the “digital SLR” category in the SB-80DX, SB-28DX, and SB-50DX manuals.
i-TTL flash control can be used at ISO sensitivities between 64 and 12800. At values over 12800, the desired results may not be achieved at some ranges or aperture settings. If the flash-ready indicator (M) flashes for about three seconds after a photograph is taken in i-TTL or non-TTL auto mode, the flash has fired at full power and the photograph may be underexposed (CLS-compatible flash units only).
When an SC-series 17, 28, or 29 sync cable is used for off-camera flash photography, correct exposure may not be achieved in i-TTL mode. We recommend that you select standard i-TTL fill-flash. Take a test shot and view the results in the monitor.
In i-TTL, use the flash panel or bounce adapter provided with the flash unit. Do not use other panels such as diffusion panels, as this may produce incorrect exposure.
In exposure mode P, the maximum aperture (minimum f-number) is limited according to ISO sensitivity, as shown below:
|Maximum aperture at ISO equivalent of:|
If the maximum aperture of the lens is smaller than given above, the maximum value for aperture will be the maximum aperture of the lens.
Noise in the form of lines may appear in flash photographs taken with an SD-9 or SD-8A high-performance battery pack attached directly to the camera. Reduce ISO sensitivity or increase the distance between the camera and the power pack.
The SB-5000, SB-910, SB-900, SB-800, SB-700, SB-600, SB-500, and SB-400 provide red-eye reduction, while the SB-5000, SB-910, SB-900, SB-800, SB-700, SB-600, and SU-800 provide AF-assist illumination with the following restrictions:
SB-5000: AF-assist illumination is available when 24–135 mm AF lenses are used with the focus points shown below.
Focal length 24–49 mm 50–84 mm 85–135 mm
SB-910 and SB-900: AF-assist illumination is available when 17–135 mm AF lenses are used with the focus points shown below.
Focal length 17–19 mm 20–135 mm
SB-800, SB-600, and SU-800: AF-assist illumination is available when 24–105 mm AF lenses are used with the focus points shown below.
Focal length 24–34 mm 35–49 mm 50–105 mm
SB-700: AF-assist illumination is available when 24–135 mm AF lenses are used with the focus points shown below.
Focal length 24–27 mm 28–135 mm
Depending on the lens used and scene recorded, the in-focus indicator (I) may be displayed when the subject is not in focus, or the camera may be unable to focus and the shutter release will be disabled.
Optional Flash Units
In i-TTL and auto aperture (qA) flash control modes, the flash compensation selected with the optional flash unit or the Flash control option in the photo shooting menu is added to the flash compensation selected with the W (M) button and command dial.