Nikon D780 Digital Camera



Single-lens reflex digital camera

Lens mount

Nikon F mount (with AF coupling and AF contacts)

Effective angle of view

Nikon FX format

Effective pixels

Effective pixels

24.5 million

Image sensor


35.9 × 23.9 mm CMOS sensor

Total pixels

25.28 million

Dust-reduction system

Image sensor cleaning, Image Dust Off reference data (requires NX Studio)


Image size (pixels)

  • FX (36×24) image area:

    • 6048 × 4024 (Large: 24.3 M)

    • 4528 × 3016 (Medium: 13.7 M)

    • 3024 × 2016 (Small: 6.1 M)

  • DX (24×16) image area:

    • 3936 × 2624 (Large: 10.3 M)

    • 2944 × 1968 (Medium: 5.8 M)

    • 1968 × 1312 (Small: 2.6 M)

  • 1:1 (24×24) image area:

    • 4016 × 4016 (Large: 16.1 M)

    • 3008 × 3008 (Medium: 9.0 M)

    • 2000 × 2000 (Small: 4.0 M)

  • 16:9 (36×20) image area:

    • 6048 × 3400 (Large: 20.6 M)

    • 4528 × 2544 (Medium: 11.5 M)

    • 3024 × 1696 (Small: 5.1 M)

  • Photographs taken while filming movies at a frame size of 3840 × 2160: 3840 × 2160

  • Photographs taken while filming movies at other frame sizes: 1920 × 1080

File format (image quality)

  • NEF (RAW): 12 or 14 bit (lossless compressed or compressed)

  • JPEG: JPEG-Baseline compliant with fine (approx. 1:4), normal (approx. 1:8), or basic (approx. 1:16) compression; size-priority and optimal-quality compression available

  • NEF (RAW)+JPEG: Single photograph recorded in both NEF (RAW) and JPEG formats

Picture Control System

Auto, Standard, Neutral, Vivid, Monochrome, Portrait, Landscape, Flat, Creative Picture Controls (Dream, Morning, Pop, Sunday, Somber, Dramatic, Silence, Bleached, Melancholic, Pure, Denim, Toy, Sepia, Blue, Red, Pink, Charcoal, Graphite, Binary, Carbon); selected Picture Control can be modified; storage for custom Picture Controls


SD (Secure Digital) and UHS-II compliant SDHC and SDXC memory cards

Double card slots

The card in Slot 2 can be used for overflow or backup storage or for separate storage of NEF (RAW) and JPEG images; pictures can be copied between cards.

File system

DCF 2.0, Exif 2.31



Eye-level pentaprism single-lens reflex viewfinder

Frame coverage

  • FX: Approx. 100% horizontal and 100% vertical

  • DX: Approx. 97% horizontal and 97% vertical

  • 1:1: Approx. 97% horizontal and 100% vertical

  • 16:9: Approx. 100% horizontal and 97% vertical


Approx. 0.7× (50 mm f/1.4 lens at infinity, −1.0 m−1)


21 mm (−1.0 m−1; from center surface of viewfinder eyepiece lens)

Diopter adjustment

−3 – +1 m−1

Focusing screen

Type B BriteView Clear Matte Mark VIII screen (with AF‑area brackets; framing grid can be displayed)

Reflex mirror

Quick return

Depth-of-field preview

Pressing Pv button stops lens aperture down to value selected by user (A and M modes) or by camera (P and S modes)

Lens aperture

Instant return, electronically controlled


Compatible lenses

  • Types G, E, and D (some restrictions apply to PC lenses)

  • Other AF NIKKOR lenses (excluding IX NIKKOR lenses and lenses for the F3AF)

  • AI-P NIKKOR lenses

  • DX lenses (using [DX (24 × 16)] image area)

  • Non-CPU AI lenses (modes A and M only)

  • During viewfinder photography, the electronic rangefinder can be used with lenses that have a maximum aperture of f/5.6 or faster. With lenses that have a maximum aperture of f/8 or faster, the electronic rangefinder supports 11 focus points.



Electronically-controlled vertical-travel focal-plane mechanical shutter; electronic front-curtain shutter; electronic shutter


1/8000–30 s (choose from step sizes of 1/3 and 1/2 EV, extendable to 900 s in mode M); Bulb; Time; X200

Flash sync speed

X=1/200 s; synchronizes with shutter at 1/200 s or slower

  • Auto FP high-speed sync supported


Release mode

S (single frame),

(continuous low speed),
(continuous high speed), Q (quiet shutter-release),
(quiet continuous shutter-release), E (self-timer),
(mirror up)

Approximate frame advance rate

  • Cl
    : 1 – 6 fps (viewfinder photography); 1–3 fps (live view photography)

  • Ch
    : 7 fps; when shooting NEF/RAW pictures during silent photography, either 8 fps (bit depth 14 bits) or 12 fps (bit depth 12 bits)

  • Qc
    : 3 fps


2 s, 5 s, 10 s, 20 s; 1 – 9 exposures at intervals of 0.5, 1, 2, or 3 s


Metering system

  • Viewfinder photography: TTL exposure metering using RGB sensor with approximately 180K (180,000) pixels

  • Live view: TTL exposure metering performed by image sensor

Metering mode

  • Matrix: 3D color matrix metering III (type G, E, and D lenses); color matrix metering III (other CPU lenses); color matrix metering available with non-CPU lenses if user provides lens data

  • Center-weighted: Weight of 75% given to 12 mm circle in center of frame; diameter of circle can be changed to 8, 15, or 20 mm, or weighting can be based on average of entire frame (non-CPU and AF‑S Fisheye NIKKOR 8–15mm f/3.5–4.5E ED lenses use 12-mm circle)

  • Spot: Meters circle approximately 4 mm in diameter (about 1.5% of frame) centered on selected focus point (on center focus point when non-CPU or AF‑S Fisheye NIKKOR 8–15mm f/3.5–4.5E ED lens is used)

  • Highlight-weighted: Available with type G, E, and D lenses

Range *

  • Matrix and center-weighted metering: −3 – +20 EV

  • Spot metering: 2 – 20 EV

  • Highlight-weighted metering: 0 – 20 EV

  • Figures are for ISO 100 and f/1.4 lens at 20 °C/68 °F

Exposure meter coupling

Combined CPU and AI


b: Auto, P: programmed auto with flexible program, S: shutter-priority auto, A: aperture-priority auto, M: manual

  • EFCT Special effects modes: j night vision; f super vivid; d pop; e photo illustration; k toy camera effect; l miniature effect; m selective color; 8 silhouette; 9 high key; ! low key

  • U1 and U2: user settings

Exposure compensation

–5 – +5 EV; −3 – +3 EV when filming movies (choose from step sizes of 1/3 and 1/2 EV) available in P, S, A, M, and EFCT modes

Exposure lock

Luminosity locked at detected value

ISO sensitivity (Recommended Exposure Index)

ISO 100–51200 (choose from step sizes of 1/3 and 1/2 EV); can also be set to approx. 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, or 1 EV (ISO 50 equivalent) below ISO 100 or to approx. 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, 1, or 2 EV (ISO 204800 equivalent) above ISO 51200; auto ISO sensitivity control available

Active D‑Lighting

Can be selected from Auto, Extra high, High, Normal, Low, or Off



  • Viewfinder photography: TTL phase detection performed using Advanced Multi-CAM 3500 II autofocus sensor module with support for 51 focus points (including 15 cross-type sensors; f/8 supported by 11 sensors); autofocus fine-tuning supported

  • Live view: Hybrid phase-detection/contrast-detect AF performed by image sensor; autofocus fine-tuning supported

Detection range

  • Viewfinder photography 1: −3 – +19 EV

  • Live view 2: −5 – +19 EV; −7 – +19 EV with low-light AF

  1. Figures are for ISO 100 at 20 °C/68 °F.

  2. Still photography using single-servo AF (AF-S) and apertures of f/1.4 at dark end of range and f/5.6 at bright end of range; ISO 100; 20 °C/68 °F

Lens servo

  • Autofocus (AF): Single-servo AF (AF‑S); continuous-servo AF (AF‑C); AF mode auto-switch (AF-A, still photography only); full-time AF (AF-F, movie recording only); predictive focus tracking activated automatically according to subject status

  • Manual focus (M): Electronic rangefinder can be used

Focus points

  • Viewfinder photography: 51 points with [All points] selected for Custom Setting a6 [Focus points used], 11 points with [Every other point] selected

  • Live view *: 273 points with [All points] selected for Custom Setting a6 [Focus points used], 77 points with [Every other point] selected

  • Still photography, [FX (36×24)] image area, single-point AF

AF‑area mode

  • Viewfinder photography: Single-point AF, 9-, 21-, or 51- point dynamic-area AF, 3D-tracking, group-area AF, auto-area AF

  • Live view: Pinpoint AF (still photography only, single-servo AF/AF-S), single-point AF, dynamic-area AF (still photography only, continuous-servo AF/AF-C), wide-area AF (S), wide-area AF (L), auto-area AF

Focus lock

Focus can be locked by pressing shutter-release button halfway (single-servo AF/AF-S) or by pressing A button


Flash control

  • Viewfinder photography: TTL flash control performed by RGB sensor with approximately 180K (180,000) pixels

  • Live view photography: TTL flash control performed by image sensor

  • i-TTL balanced fill flash for digital SLR available with matrix, center-weighted, and highlight-weighted metering; standard i-TTL fill-flash for digital SLR available with spot metering

Flash mode

Front-curtain sync, red-eye reduction, slow sync, red-eye reduction with slow sync, rear-curtain sync, off

Flash compensation

–3 – +1 EV (choose from step sizes of 1/3 and 1/2 EV) available in P, S, A, and M modes

Flash-ready indicator

Lights when optional flash unit is fully charged; flashes after flash is fired at full output

Accessory shoe

ISO 518 hot-shoe with sync and data contacts and safety lock

Nikon Creative Lighting System (CLS)

i‑TTL flash control, radio-controlled Advanced Wireless Lighting, optical Advanced Wireless Lighting, modeling illumination, FV lock, Color Information Communication, auto FP high-speed sync, AF‑assist for multi-area AF (viewfinder photography), unified flash control

Sync terminal

AS-15 sync terminal adapter (available separately)

White balance

White balance

Auto (3 types), natural light auto, direct sunlight, cloudy, shade, incandescent, fluorescent (7 types), flash, choose color temperature (2500 K–10,000 K), preset manual (up to 6 values can be stored, spot white balance measurement available during live view photography), all except choose color temperature with fine-tuning



Exposure and/or flash, white balance, and ADL

Live view


C (photo live view), 1 (movie live view)


Metering system

TTL metering using camera image sensor

Metering mode

Matrix, center-weighted, or highlight-weighted

Frame size (pixels) and frame rate

  • 3840 × 2160 (4K UHD); 30p (progressive), 25p, 24p

  • 1920 × 1080; 120p, 100p, 60p, 50p, 30p, 25p, 24p

  • 1920 × 1080 (slow-motion); 30p ×4, 25p ×4, 24p ×5

  • Actual frame rates for 120p, 100p, 60p, 50p, 30p, 25p, and 24p are 119.88, 100, 59.94, 50, 29.97, 25, and 23.976 fps respectively

  • Quality selection available at all sizes except 3840 × 2160, 1920 × 1080 120p/100p, and 1920 × 1080 slow-motion, when quality is fixed at m (high)

File format


Video compression

H.264/MPEG-4 Advanced Video Coding

Audio recording format

Linear PCM, AAC

Audio recording device

Built-in stereo or external microphone with attenuator option; sensitivity adjustable

ISO sensitivity (Recommended Exposure Index)

Manual selection (ISO 100 to 51200; choose from step sizes of 1/3 and 1/2 EV) with additional options available equivalent to approximately 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, 1, or 2 EV (ISO 204800 equivalent) above ISO 51200; auto ISO sensitivity control (ISO 100 to Hi 2) available with selectable upper limit

Active D‑Lighting

Can be selected from Same as photo settings, Extra high, High, Normal, Low, or Off

Other options

Time-lapse movie recording, electronic vibration reduction, time codes, logarithmic (N-Log) and HDR (HLG) movie output



8-cm/3.2-in., approx. 2359k-dot (XGA) tilting TFT touch-sensitive LCD with 170° viewing angle, approximately 100% frame coverage, 11-level manual brightness adjustment, and color balance control



Full-frame and thumbnail (4, 9, or 72 images or calendar) playback with playback zoom, playback zoom cropping, movie playback, photo and/or movie slide shows, histogram display, highlights, photo information, location data display, picture rating, auto image rotation, and index marking



Type C USB connector (SuperSpeed USB); connection to built-in USB port is recommended

HDMI output

Type C HDMI connector

Audio input

Stereo mini-pin jack (3.5mm diameter; plug-in power supported)

Audio output

Stereo mini-pin jack (3.5mm diameter)

Accessory terminal

Built-in (can be used with accessories such as the MC‑DC2 remote cord)



  • Standards:

    • IEEE 802.11b/g/n (Africa, Asia, and Oceania)

    • IEEE 802.11b/g/n/a/ac (Europe, U.S.A., Canada, and Mexico)

    • IEEE 802.11b/g/n/a (other countries in the Americas)

  • Operating frequency:

    • 2412–2462 MHz (channel 11; Africa, Asia, and Oceania)

    • 2412–2462 MHz (channel 11) and 5180–5825 MHz (U.S.A., Canada, and Mexico)

    • 2412–2462 MHz (channel 11) and 5180–5805 MHz (other countries in the Americas)

    • 2412–2462 MHz (channel 11) and 5745–5805 MHz (Georgia)

    • 2412–2462 MHz (channel 11) and 5180–5320 MHz (other European countries)

  • Maximum output power (EIRP):

    • 2.4 GHz band: 2.9 dBm

    • 5 GHz band: 5.7 dBm (Georgia)

    • 5 GHz band: 8.7 dBm (other countries)

  • Authentication: Open system, WPA2-PSK


  • Communication protocols: Bluetooth Specification Version 4.2

  • Operating frequency:

    • Bluetooth: 2402–2480 MHz

    • Bluetooth Low Energy: 2402–2480 MHz

  • Maximum output power (EIRP):

    • Bluetooth: –2.6 dBm

    • Bluetooth Low Energy: –4.1 dBm

Range (line of sight)

Approximately 10 m (32 ft) *

  • Without interference. Range may vary with signal strength and presence or absence of obstacles.

Power source


One EN‑EL15b rechargeable Li-ion battery *

  • EN-EL15c/EN-EL15a/EN-EL15 batteries can also be used. Note, however, that fewer pictures may sometimes be taken on a single charge with the EN-EL15 than with an EN-EL15c/EN-EL15b/EN-EL15a. EH-7P charging AC adapter can be used to charge EN-EL15c/EN-EL15b batteries only.

AC adapter

EH-5d/EH-5c/EH-5b AC adapter; requires EP‑5B power connector (available separately)

Tripod socket

Tripod socket

0.635 cm (1/4 in., ISO 1222)


Dimensions (W× H × D)

Approx. 143.5 × 115.5 × 76 mm (5.7 × 4.6 × 3 in.)


Approx. 840 g (1 lb. 13.7 oz.) with battery and SD memory card but without body cap; approx. 755 g/1 lb. 10.7 oz. (camera body only)

Operating environment


0 °C–40 °C (+32 °F–104 °F)


85% or less (no condensation)

  • Unless otherwise stated, all measurements are performed in conformity with Camera and Imaging Products Association (CIPA) standards or guidelines.

  • All figures are for a camera with a fully-charged battery.

  • The sample images displayed on the camera and the images and illustrations in the manuals are for expository purposes only.

  • Nikon reserves the right to change the appearance and specifications of the hardware and software described in this manual at any time and without prior notice. Nikon will not be held liable for damages that may result from any mistakes that this manual may contain.

MH-25a Battery Charger

Rated input

AC 100–240 V, 50/60 Hz, 0.23–0.12 A

Rated output

DC 8.4 V/1.2 A

Supported batteries

EN-EL15c/EN-EL15b/EN-EL15a/EN-EL15 rechargeable Li-ion batteries

Charging time

Approx. 2 hours and 35 minutes

  • Time required to charge battery at an ambient temperature of 25 °C (77 °F) when no charge remains

Operating temperature

0 °C–40 °C (+32 °F–104 °F)

Dimensions (W× H × D)

Approx. 95 × 33.5 × 71 mm (3.7 × 1.3 × 2.8 in.), excluding projections

Length of power cable

Approx. 1.5 m (4.9 ft), if supplied


Approx. 115 g (4.1 oz), excluding supplied power connector (power cable or AC wall adapter)

  • The symbols on this product represent the following:

  • m AC, p DC, q Class II equipment (the construction of the product is double-insulated)

EN‑EL15b Rechargeable Li-ion Battery:


Rechargeable lithium-ion battery

Rated capacity

7.0 V/1900 mAh

Operating temperature

0 °C–40 °C (+32 °F–104 °F)

Dimensions (W× H × D)

Approx. 40 × 56 × 20.5 mm (1.6 × 2.2 × 0.8 in.)


Approx. 80 g (2.9 oz), excluding terminal cover

Disposing of Data Storage Devices

Please note that deleting images or formatting memory cards or other data storage devices does not completely erase the original image data. Deleted files can sometimes be recovered from discarded storage devices using commercially available software, potentially resulting in the malicious use of personal image data. Ensuring the privacy of such data is the user’s responsibility.

Before discarding a data storage device or transferring ownership to another person, erase all data using commercial deletion software, or format the device and then completely refill it with images containing no private information (for example, pictures of empty sky). Care should be taken to avoid injury when physically destroying data storage devices.

Before discarding the camera or transferring ownership to another person, you should also use the [Reset all settings] item in the camera setup menu to delete network settings and other personal information.

Supported Standards
  • DCF Version 2.0: The Design Rule for Camera File System (DCF) is a standard widely used in the digital camera industry to ensure compatibility among different makes of camera.

  • Exif version 2.31: The camera supports Exif (Exchangeable Image File Format for Digital Still Cameras) version 2.31, a standard introduced with the goal of improving the interoperability of printers and digital cameras, making it easier to produce high-quality prints. Information stored with photographs is used for optimal color reproduction when the images are output on Exif-compliant printers. See the printer manual for details.

  • HDMI: High-Definition Multimedia Interface is a standard for multimedia interfaces used in consumer electronics and AV devices. This standard ensures that audiovisual data and control signals can be transmitted to HDMI-compliant devices via a single cable connection.